People with disabilities use rapidly changing technology to enable them to overcome barriers in educational and intellectual pursuits and in the built environment. Technology that makes tasks easier to perform is known as Assistive Technology.
Assistive Technology is any assistive, adaptative, or rehabilitative device that a person uses to perform everyday tasks. These devices are changing as rapidly as technology improves, opening up new opportunities to people with disabilities and making many barriers to their participation in society obsolete.
Throughout history, people have used devices to adapt to life with a disability. Cochlear implants and hearing aids evolved from early ear horns, and rolling invalid chairs have evolved into sophisticated sport wheelchairs for athletes. People with disabilities have utilized these and innumerable other technologies to access education and employment and to improve their health.
Click on a part of the body to learn about assistive technologies that relate to its function. Note that many of these technologies are not just for use by people with disabilities. Many of them can help make life easier by improving accessibility for all people.
For users who have limited motor function, control systems allow control of computers using whatever body part they can command. An eye-gaze system is a camera that focuses on the user’s eye and guides a cursor wherever the user directs their gaze. Head tracking software is similar, with a camera tracking a dot that is placed somewhere on the user’s head. Foot and mouth control systems use the same concept. The cursor can be focused on buttons or an on-screen keyboard so the user can control all the functions of a computer.Turning the tongue into a control system